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How to Become a Fish and Game Warden in Montana

Montana is a state with vast natural resources. The need to protect them was recognized in 1895 with the establishment of the Board of Game Commissioners which set formal hunting seasons, ser bag limit and hired four game wardens. The Fish and Game Department was officially created in 1901. The dedicated game wardens earned the massive salary of $100/month!

Today’s wardens are sworn, commissioned peace officers employed by the Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. There are 75 district game wardens, 11 warden sergeants, seven warden captains, 10 investigators, two warden trainees, three enforcement program managers and a chief and assistant chief.

Steps to Becoming a Game Warden in Montana

Basic Requirements – The following requirements must be met in order for an application for the job of game warden in Montana to be accepted:

  • At least 20 years old
  • U.S. citizen/resident of Montana
  • Valid Montana driver’s license
  • Excellent physical and mental health/good eyesight
  • Basic knowledge of Montana’s fish and wildlife species
  • Basic knowledge of outdoor recreational activities in Montana
  • Knowledge of law enforcement principles/procedures related to fish, wildlife and parks
  • Knowledge of relevant federal, state and tribal laws
  • Willing to serve anywhere in Montana

Degree Requirements – The entry-level degree requirement is a bachelor’s degree from an accredited college/university in a field like fish & wildlife, park management, outdoor recreation or criminal justice.

Montana has two excellent state university systems that make it easy for anyone in the state to get the required degree. This includes campuses in Billings, Bozeman, Havre and Great Falls, as well as in in Butte, Dillon, Helena and Missoula. The state also has three four-year private colleges, three community colleges and seven tribal colleges.

Taking the POST and the Physical Fitness Exams – Those whose applications are accepted must take and pass both the POST (Police Officers Standards and Training) law enforcement test and the MT Physical fitness test. The written POST exam consists of four timed sections focused on mathematics, reading comprehension, grammar and incident report writing. The physical fitness test is based on the Cooper Standard PT Test which is adjusted for age and gender. Both tests are fully described at the Montana law enforcement tests website.

Participating in Training – All newly hired game wardens must attend a 12-week basic course at the Montana Law Enforcement Academy. The program covers such things as:

  • State and federal laws
  • Human behavior
  • Law enforcement functions
  • Patrol operations
  • Investigations

Graduates are assigned to field positions, usually at one of the Dept. of Fish, Wildlife and Parks regional offices, for a variable period of on-the-job training before being assigned as a district game warden. All game wardens are on probation for one year.

Duties and Responsibilities of a Game Warden in Montana

The job of game warden is extremely rewarding and varied but also very demanding and statistically one of America’s most dangerous law enforcement positions. Game wardens have been killed or injured by a criminal’s assault or in a plane, boat, snowmobile or other vehicle accident. Game wardens enforce laws related to hunting, fishing, trapping, boating, snowmobiling and riding off-road vehicles of all kinds. They also are responsible for protecting the environment.

Specific duties and responsibilities of a Montana game warden include:

  • Patrolling assigned district (districts average 1,800 square miles)
  • Checking hunting, fishing, boating and other licenses
  • Verifying fee and registration compliance
  • Investigating suspected and reported violations
  • Issuing citations and making arrests
  • Operating check stations
  • Monitoring activities of license vendors / selling licenses if needed
  • Monitoring the activities of outfitters and guides
  • Assisting other law enforcement officers whenever needed
  • Testifying in court when needed
  • Maintaining a diary of daily activities
  • Auditing records of persons dealing with wildlife resources (taxidermists, managers of shooting preserves, etc.)
  • Collecting data and performing biological tests for wildlife management
  • Assisting with the management of state parks and fishing access sites
  • Attending relevant conferences and meetings
  • Giving classes on water, hunting, archery, snowmobile and ATV safety
  • Disseminating literature / speaking at schools, civic organizations, etc.
  • Assisting with search-and-rescue operations
  • Maintaining equipment

It is noted that the Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks hires other full-time, part-time and seasonal persons such as conservation specialists, wildlife biologists, water safety officers, program specialists and support personnel.

How to Apply for a Game Warden Job in Montana

Men and women who meet the basic requirements should look for current openings and submit an electronic application form found at the Fish, Wildlife and Parks careers website. Those whose applications are accepted will be scheduled for the POST and physical fitness exams. Individuals who pass both exams are then required to successfully complete the following steps in the hiring process:

  • Step 1: Written exam (covers interests, personality and mental ability)
  • Step 2: Oral exam
  • Step 3: Psychological profile test
  • Step 4: Thorough background investigation
  • Step 5: Medical examination

Individuals who successfully complete all steps will be scheduled for training based on rank (a composite of scores received on all steps).

Game wardens in Montana earn an average annual salary of between $44,000 and $56,000. Benefits include paid health, life, vision and dental insurance, credit union, retirement plan, paid two week vacation, and paid holidays/sick leave. Internships are available for current college students. For additional information about the hiring process, call the hiring and training officer at 406-444-2452.

Montana’s Vast Natural Resources and Majestic Wildlife

Wildlife – Montana is filled with wildlife. The elk, deer and antelopes outnumber the human residents. It has the largest migratory elk herd in the nation and the largest grizzly bear population in the lower 48

The Treasure State is a bird watcher’s paradise with 61 different species of non-passerine and 41 of passerine birds. (Passerines have three forward and one backward toe for sitting on a perch while non-passerines do not.) The state boasts the largest breeding population of trumpeter swans in the nation. Montana also has 10 species of reptiles, 24 of fish, nine amphibians and over 24 kinds of mammals including antelopes, bears, beavers, bison, goats, coyotes, deer, moose, elk, wild horses, opossums, porcupines, rabbits, raccoons, skunks, squirrels and wolves.

Lakes – There are 3,223 named lakes in Montana, the largest number of freshwater lakes in the West. Flathead Lake, the biggest, is found in northwest Montana. It covers over 200 square miles and has approximately 120 miles of shoreline.

Rivers – Montana has roughly 76 rivers, about 40 of which are excellent for both float and fly fishing. Anglers compete for Montana’s famous wild trout as well as perch and catfish. The rivers also provide some of the nation’s most exciting scenic river trips and whitewater rafting. The Yellowstone River is the state’s longest.

Parks – Montana holds two of the most famous national parks: Yellowstone (with Wyoming) and Glacier (joins Canada’s Waterton Lake NP to form the world’s first international peace park. National parks are protected by federal game wardens.

There are 54 state parks in the Treasure State. The largest is Makoshika National Park located in the Badlands area. The famous Caverns State Park features an exciting two-hour cave tour. Montana also has the nation’s longest county park; Hill County Park is 10 miles long and one mile wide.

Montana Wildlife Officer Salary

The Research & Analysis Bureau of the Montana Department of Labor & Industry reported an average fish and game warden salary of $41,716 in 2013, which is roughly $20.06 per hour.

While the Bureau of Labor Statistics reported similar findings that year, they also noted that fish and game wardens in the top 25% earned an average of $46,410 per year, while those in the top 10% earned an average of $47,950.

In addition to a respectable salary, fish and game wardens in Montana are rewarded with a generous benefits package. Some of these benefits include things like:

15 days of vacation time per year
12 days of sick leave per year
11 paid holidays per year
Longevity pay/salary increase
5 Years: 1.5%
10 Years: 3.5%
15 Years: 5.5%
20 Years: 7.5%
25 Years: 9%
30 Years: 10.5%
35 Years: 12%
The table below contains additional salary data for game wardens in Montana as published by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics in 2013:

Area name
Annual mean wage
Central Montana nonmetropolitan area

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